MWThe Empire needed its army and the army needed good roads. They were the arteries of the empire, moving troops quickly to where they needed to go. This was normally towards trouble, and on the frontier trouble was that much closer. The Romans had already built a network of good roads in Northern Britain. However, it took a while for them to get round to building a road running directly behind the Wall (possibly as late as 165AD).
Once the engineers had surveyed and marked out the route of the road, the soldiers got down to the hard work. Typically, they dug a deep trench cross country, filling the bottom with large, rough stones. Progressively smaller stones were then placed on top. Finally, the surface was metalled using fine gravel or pebbles. The more important roads were cambered (what Romans called agger) which gave good drainage. On both sides of the road were ditches collecting run-off water. As the soldiers tended to use local materials, numerous small quarries can be found along the road sides.
2015 © Beggar Bog. ALL Rights Reserved.